Wholesale roasted coffee beans: Things to know before purchasing in bulk

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Wholesale roasted coffee beans general information

In roasting nations and areas such as the European Union, the United States, and Japan, wholesale roasted coffee beans are one of the most important commodities.

Wholesale roasted coffee beans definition

Green coffee beans are roasted after being treated and dried to change their physical and chemical properties. Unroasted coffee beans have a higher acid content and more protein, sugar, and caffeine than roasted coffee beans, therefore the roasting process increases Maillard and other chemical processes. As a result, the coffee beans’ tastes are drastically altered.

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Wholesale roasted coffee beans general information

Coffee beans that have been processed, roasted, and sold in bulk are referred to as “wholesale roasted coffee beans.”

The settings of wholesale roasted coffee beans in the world

The EU, the US, and Japan are the three biggest exporting areas of wholesale roasted coffee beans on the global market.

  • In the last three MYs, the value of wholesale roasted coffee beans exported from the United States has steadily fallen, but the value of roasted coffee beans exported from the EU has increased. During the MY 2018/19 and MY 2019/20 periods, Japan witnessed a 12 percent drop in GDP. In MY 2020/21, however, this indicator increased by 21%.
  • While the United States and Japan battled the Covid-19 epidemic, the European wholesale roasted coffee bean consumption business remains brisk, with year-on-year growth.
  • Coffee consumption in Europe has steadily increased to over 3,500,000 MT, whereas it has stayed flat in North America at 1,900,000 MT. The coffee consumption index in Asia and Oceania climbed somewhat, but not significantly, at 8% per year.
  • Furthermore, unlike the United States and Japan, the EU is the only area to have successfully negotiated free trade agreements with both Vietnam and Brazil (EVFTA and the European Union–Mercosur free trade agreement), the world’s two major coffee exporters. This has paved the way for the active development of the wholesale roasted coffee bean supply chain in Europe.

Top of the world’s largest wholesale roasted coffee beans countries

The EU is the world’s largest exporter of wholesale roasted coffee beans, accounting for 35% of global exports and generating revenue of almost 55 billion USD in 2019, although the world’s two primary coffee-growing regions are South America and Asia.

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Top of the world’s largest wholesale roasted coffee beans countries

In actuality, the worldwide coffee industry is dominated by a small number of big roasters, all of which have headquarters in the European Union, the United States, or Japan.

The European Union accounted for the vast bulk of roasted coffee bean volume, with the United States and Japan accounting for only a small percentage of the total. The following are some of the elements that contribute to this: 

  • High market demand

A little over 5 kg per person per year, the European Union nations are thought to have the highest annual per capita coffee consumption rate in the world. Finland is the world’s top coffee consumer, using 12 kilograms per capita per year. Scandinavian nations contribute to this index as well: Norway contributes 9.9 kg, Denmark 8.7 kg, and Sweden 8.2 kg. Other European countries that consume a lot of coffee per capita include the Netherlands (8.4 kg), Switzerland (7.9 kg), and Belgium (6.8 kg).

  • Advanced technology

Europe has numerous different types and sizes of coffee roasters due to its excellent technology and skilled workforce. With a sales volume of 551 MT in 2018, Germany was the top coffee-roasting country in Europe, followed by Italy with a wholesale roasted coffee bean volume of 414 MT.

  • Abundant supply

The two main green bean suppliers to the European market for wholesale roasted coffee beans are Brazil and Vietnam. These nations account for about half of Europe’s imports, with Brazil accounting for 27% and Vietnam for 20%, respectively.

Each supplier’s participation varies based on the EU coffee sector’s specific segment aim. Brazil is the world’s top producer of Arabica and Robusta coffee beans. Vietnam, Uganda, and India are concentrating their efforts on increasing Robusta production. Colombia and Honduras are well-known for producing just Arabica coffee. Ethiopia and Peru mostly export Arabica coffee that has been certified as organic.

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